Examples

Topic Area: Antecedents, Behaviors, & Consequences
(The Behavioral Timeline)

1. Certainly, Mom's reaction (consequence) to her son's premature taste of cake (behavior) is designed to decrease the probability that it will happen in the future (punishment).
2. Ice Cream is a reward (consequence) that many hope for. If it reliably follows a particular behavior, we might expect more of the behavior in the future (reinforcement).  
  3. Compliments and praise following appropriate behavior (consequence) often go a long way towards ensuring that the behavior occurs again (reinforcement).
  In all these examples the behavior is followed by the consequence on several, if not many, occassions, each time affecting the target behavior a little bit. This is what is meant by the terms HISTORY OF REINFORCEMENT or HISTORY OF PUNISHMENT.  


(Don't skip these questions. Really, they will help you learn the material better.)

 

1. Can you name all 3 terms in the Behavioral Timeline (hint: A-B-C).

2. Name two kinds of consequences to behavior.

3. Would you call punishment a proactive teaching technique? Why or why not?

Solution to Question 1

Solution to Question 2

Solution to Question 3

 

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(C) 2001, J. Tyler Fovel, All Rights Reserved
 
 
 
     
 

Solution 1:

1. Can you name all 3 terms in the Behavioral Timeline?

Answer: Antecedents, Behaviors, and Consequences

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Solution 2:

2. Name two kinds of consequences to behavior.

Answer: Generally speaking, reinforcers and punishers. However, you should know that we don't know if an event that comes after a behavior will be a reinforcer or punisher until we see what it's effect is on the behavior in question.

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Solution 3:

3. Would you call punishment a proactive teaching technique?

Answer: Not usually. In order to punish a behavior you must wait for it to occur. Once the behavior occurs you can only affect the future occurrence of the behavior. It's too late to prevent it from occurring.

By the way, now is a good time to try to talk about what we mean by proactive.

Proactive is not a term from Behavioral Analysis but we use it to suggest that there is a world of things that can be done before a behavior occurs that can affect the occurrence of the behavior. What's more, these techniques comprise a powerful but under-utilized teaching technology.

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